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Canada is facing with Shortage

Canada is set to welcome more than 1 million new immigrants over the next three years, with an annual intake that could reach as high as 390,000 in 2022.

Despite fears of a global recession due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is agreed across the board that high immigration intake is justified with more than 9 million Canadians reaching retirement age in the next decade.

According to the plan, Canada will bring in about 341,000 newcomers this year, 351,000 in 2021 and 361,000 in 2022. Canada has made available more than 60 different programs, the majority of the immigrants will come under either the Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Program or other pilot projects which make up about 58 per cent of the intake; followed by those sponsored by Canadians as spouses 26 per cent; with the remaining 16 per cent as refugees or on humanitarian grounds.


Express Entry

The new Express Entry program will manage applications for permanent residence for immigrants who can fill jobs where there is a lack of available skilled Canadian workers.

Legal Fee



In the vast majority of the cases, a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is required before a Canadian employer can hire a temporary foreign worker.

Legal Fee



Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are a key part of Canada’s immigration policy, it the fastest-growing economic Canadian immigration pathway.

Legal Fee


Holiday Visa

Are you looking for an adventurous way to work and travel overseas? Apply for a working holiday in Canada as it gives you the opportunity to stay in amazing cities

Legal Fee


In response to the labour market needs of an aging population, especially in remote communities, the immigration plan strikes a balance between meeting Canada’s economic needs and obligation to reunite families and shelter refugees in need of protection.

Global Talent, Canada is looking for you. Start your Journey Today!

Choose The Fourth Generation to take you through your pathway towards Canada

Express Entry

What Is Express Entry?

In January 2015, the Canadian government launched a new electronic immigration system that offers express entry to Canada for skilled and qualified immigrants.

The new Express Entry program will manage applications for permanent residence for immigrants who can fill jobs where there is a lack of available skilled Canadian workers.

Thousands Receive Permanent Residence in Canada Annually

The Canadian government has recognized the fact that Canada requires new immigrants to meet future labour market needs and to help ensure the country’s long-term economic growth and prosperity.

The new system will allow Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to proactively assess, recruit and select immigrants who are skilled and/or possessed the relevant qualifications under federal economic immigration programs:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Express Entry program will also allow individual provinces and territories to use the system in order to recruit suitable candidates as part of the Provincial Nominee Programs so that labour market demands are met.

Employers will play a key part in selecting economic immigrants, and will be able to access suitable candidates via Canada’s recently improved Job Bank, as well as the relevant provinces and territories where applicable.


Number of Immigrants Receiving PR Through Express Entry


How Express Entry Works:


Step 1: Applicant are being assessed based on skilled worker point system

Applications who scored at least 67 points are qualified to join the pool of candidates. CIC will award points based on the following factors:

  • Skills in English and/or French
  • Education
  • Work experience
  • Age
  • Presence/absence of a valid job offer, and
  • Relatives in Canada


Step 2: Potential candidates fill out an online Express Entry form.

Candidates who are eligible for the Express Entry Canada program can complete an online profile which will include various details about themselves, including their age, language ability, education and previous work experience, among others. These individuals will be ranked according to their chances of economic success, and they are divided to Three main groups:

  1. Top ranking candidates, what we call the Golden profiles who scored 460-1200 points and represent 10% of the candidates in the current pool, these candidates are divided into 2 sub-groups:
  2. Temporary Foreign Workers and Students who already live in Canada. These candidates acquired Canadian work experience and/or education which boost up their score, that, in addition to their professional and personal profile acquired back home.
  3. Candidates who never been to Canada, and their score is based only on their professional and personal profile.
  4. Top ranking candidates, what we call the Silver Profiles who scored 350-460 points and represent 70% of the candidates in the current pool, these candidates are:
  5. Highly educated, experienced and in most of the cases native English speakers.
  6. Committed to job search in Canada and understand a qualified job offer from a Canadian employer maximize their chances to move to Canada. These candidates will automatically receive high rankings
  7. The Canadian Government consider these candidates to be skilled, qualified and talented candidates, however, to be able to become golden profile, and as a result of that be invited to become permanent resident of Canada, they will have to take some further steps to optimize their profiles. Qualified job offer is one of the options, other may be going to school in Canada.

This ranking system allow Canada to pick the best possible candidates who are likely to go on to adapt in Canada and achieve success, rather than simply picking whoever is next in line.

Candidates, who at the moment of joining the pool of Candidates, do not have a valid job offer or provincial/territorial nomination must sign up to the Government’s of Canada’s Job Bank, so that he or she can be matched to relevant Canadian employers. Eligible employers who would like to hire of the silver candidates will need to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment via Employment and Social Development Canada  (ESDC) for permanent residence applications.

There is no guarantee that candidates who submitted their profile to the Express Entry profile will be invited to apply for permanent residence, as this will mainly be determined by their ranking and offer of employment or provincial/territorial nomination.

List of Candidates in the Pool

Our mission is to serve and help over 100,000 qualified and talented silver candidates who are already in the pool of skilled candidates and scored 350-460 points. Help them to kick start their job search in Canada, to support them in the process of getting a qualified job offer that will boost up their CRS score, and may allow them to come to Canada on a Permanent or Temporary permit.

CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of September 14, 2020

CRS score rangeNumber of candidates
601-1200 331

Step 3: The Government will invite successful candidates and permanent residency will be processed within 6 months.

Those ranking highly in the pool (based on skills, experience, eligible job offers and relevant nominations where applicable) will then be invited to apply for permanent residency through an ITA (Invitation to Apply), and will have a total of 60 days to submit their electronic application. Electronic applications will be required to be submitted through one of the below programs: Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) Canadian Experience Class (CEC) Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) Most applications will be pushed through swiftly by CIC, with many expected to be completed within six months.

Candidates who have applied for the Express Entry Canada program but who are not invited to apply for permanent residency after a year may then resubmit their profile and re-enter the pool, provided they are still eligible for the program. This is to prevent backlogs and allow for quicker processing and turnaround times. According to CIC, the Express Entry program will allow faster and more efficient immigration services to skilled immigrants. The program will also enable the Canadian Government to respond faster to Canada’s evolving economic conditions and changing priorities, and will increase flexibility.

How We Can Help You Get into Express Entry

The most important aspect of the Express Entry Program, for Candidates who live outside, is to secure a qualified job offer before they come to Canada. Our mission as a company is to help each one of our customers to get ready for job search, we use a wide range of tools and products to increase the chances of our customers to succeed in this quest and eventually realize their objectives.

Once a job offer is secured, chances that the candidate will receive an invitation from the Federal Government is very high, without an invitation, you are unable to apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry Program.

Fourth Generation job is to make your profile standout from the crowd. We will,

  1. Assess your professional profile
  2. Ask from you to take personality assessment test for employment purposes
  3. Optimize your resume
  4. Coach you on how to search for a job in Canada
  5. Coach you on how to attend an interview and respond to employer’s rejections
  6. Address any questions of concerns of the employer regarding the process (Being done a professional immigration consultant)
  7. Share your resume with many local recruiters
  8. Accompany you during the job search, including insights about the local the industry, what employers are looking for, and how to highlight your strengths and knowledge.

Once you already secured a qualified job, we will assign to your case an RCIC who will do the following:

  1. Assess your case and the new score you shall awarded with as a result of securing a job offer, make sure that you have obtained the highest eligible score! This way, your chances of getting an invitation are maximized
  2. Highlight the best aspects of your application
  3. In addition, if you are selected, we are there to assist you with the complicated application process, including submitting your application in a timely manner for you to obtain your Canadian Permanent Residence.
  4. Our RCIC team will guide the client from the beginning up until, hopefully, the client gets selected


Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

In the vast majority of the cases, a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is required before a Canadian employer can hire a temporary foreign worker. An LMIA is a form of labour market verification process designed to protect Canada’s domestic job marketplace, as well as protect foreign workers employed in Canada temporarily. Foreign workers who are able to secure a job in Canada get an immediate boost of 50-200 points to their Permanent Residency application, and after one year of work for the Canadian employer chances to be issued with permanent status is Canada significantly increase. Generally, an LMIA leads to a Temporary Work Permit of at least one year, for skilled positions the accompanied partner is issued with an Open Work Permit and dependent children under 18 are able to attend public school.

Assessing the Merits of an LMIA Application

Obtaining a Canada work permit is typically a two-step process.   First, the Canadian employer must submit a qualifying LMIA application to Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). It is incumbent on the Canadian employer to also submit a detailed list of Canadians who applied for the position; the number of Canadians interviewed for the position, and detailed explanations for why the Canadian candidates considered were not hired. Canadian employers may be subject to inspection for compliance once a work permit has been issued. When assessing the merits of the applicant the minister of labour known as ESDC will consider:
  • Are there Canadians in the region available and willing to fill the job on offer?
  • Has the employer made sufficient efforts to fill the position with a Canadian worker?
  • Will hiring a foreign national help create or retain jobs in Canada?
  • Is the employer offering a wage or salary that is consistent with the regional average for the position at hand?
  • Are the working conditions acceptable by Canadian labour standards?
  • Is the employer or the industry in which the job sits engaged in ongoing labour disputes?
If ESDC is satisfied the employer is healthy enough to sustain foreign labour and exhausted all available resources to recruit locally,  a positive LMIA will be issued. LMIAs are specific to employers, the position being offered, and the region in which the job is located. Obtaining a positive LMIA does not allow you to change your job or employer, or move to another Canadian region after acquiring a work permit. In any of those instances you are required to seek a new LMIA. The LMIA process distinguishes between “high-wage” and “low-wage” employees. Temporary foreign workers whose remuneration is below the provincial/territorial median wage are considered low-wage. Temporary foreign workers whose remuneration is equal to or above the median wage are considered high-wage.

Median Hourly Wages by Province/Territory

Province/TerritorWage ($/hr)
Newfoundland and Labrador$21.12
Prince Edward Island$17.49
Nova Scotia$18.85
New Brunswick$18.00
British Columbia$22.00
Northwest Territories$30.00

High-Wage Workers

The submission of a transition plan is a compulsory requirement for all Canadian employers seeking to employ a temporary foreign worker(s) at a wage that is equal to or above the provincial/territorial median hourly wage. Transition plans exist to ensure the employer intends to reduce their reliance on temporary foreign workers in favour of Canadians.

Low-Wage Workers

Canadian employers looking to hire low-wage workers do not need to submit a transition plan when applying for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). Unlike high-wage workers, however, they are subject to a cap that limits the number of low-wage temporary foreign workers a given business can employ. Canadian employers with more than 10 employees will be restricted to a maximum 10% cap on low-wage temporary foreign workers. This cap will be phased in over the next two years, to allow Canadian employers time to transition to a Canadian workforce.

LMIA Processing Times

LMIA processing times can be somewhat unpredictable, ranging from a couple of weeks, to a few months. Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) has pledged to process certain LMIA applications within 10 business days. The following categories will now be processed with a 10-business-day service standard:
  • All LMIA applications for the highest-demand occupations (skilled trades), or
  • Highest-paid (top 10%) occupations, or
  • Short-duration work periods (120 days or less).

LMIA Fees and Additional Employer Requirements

  • A processing fee of CDN $1,000 applies to each Labour Market Impact Assessment application, unless the application is made strictly in support of permanent residency.
  • Canadian employers must undertake advertisement efforts (Canada Job Bank) for at least four weeks prior to submitting an LMIA application. Employers are further required to demonstrate at least two other recruitment methods used to target potential hires, other than the Canada Job Bank website.  ESDC will also be looking for evidence that underrepresented groups of Canadians were pursued and considered for the position (e.g. disabled people, aboriginals, youth).
  • English and French are the only two languages eligible to be listed as employment requisites, for the purpose of LMIA application. ESDC officers are largely hesitant to approve an LMIA application if the employer has indicated a language other than English or French was used as a determinant.
  • Canadian employers must attest that they are prohibited from laying off, or reducing the hours, of Canadians if their company employs temporary foreign workers.


Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are a key part of Canada’s immigration policy, it the fastest-growing economic Canadian immigration pathway. In the past 10 years, the federal government has been gradually increased provinces’ annual permits for their respective PNPs candidates by that showing the increasing importance of these programs within the overall Canadian immigration landscape.

How do I apply for a Provincial Nominee Program?

Most of the provinces allow candidates to apply when they hold a job offer from a qualified local employer. These employers must show that they are in good standing and have impeccable records with the province. The main objective of these programs is to address labour shortage, either skilled or entry level jobs.  

In some cases, the province nominates candidates already in the Federal pool of skilled workers, these fortunate candidates are awarded with 600 points and do not need a job offer, literally paving their way to permanent residency through the Federal Skilled Worker Express Entry stream. 

Some of the PNP streams operate outside the federal Express Entry immigration system – these are known as “base” streams, these streams in most of the case require a qualified job offer from eligible employer. Other PNP streams are aligned with Express Entry.

In Canada, all final immigration decisions are made by the federal government, not the provincial government. As a result of that, PNPs are a two-part process. First, you have to apply to the province for your provincial nomination. Then, if you are approved by the province, you have to submit a second application to the federal government for your Canadian permanent resident status.

Follow these step-by-step instructions to apply for your PNP of choice:

  1. Find out your eligibility
  2. Secure a qualified job offer
  3. Complete and submit Provincial Nominee Program application
  4. Receive your Provincial Nomination certificate
  5. Submit your permanent residence application

Provincial Nominee Programs and Express Entry

Most provinces and territories have direct access to the pool of candidates of the Federal Express Entry selection system. Candidates the province believes may contribute to the growth of the local economy are nominated, this nomination awards a nominee 600 additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points.

A provincial nomination is the single most valuable factor in the CRS, effectively guaranteeing that the candidate receives an Invitation to Apply (ITA) at a subsequent draw from the pool.

The highest CRS score assigned to Express Entry candidates is 1200, candidate who receive an invitation known as ITA are invited to apply for Permanent Residency. Since the current minimum draw score is 470 points, these 600 bonus points would guarantee that the applicant would receive an ITA.

Individuals who increase their chances to nominated by one of the provinces under the PNP stream must first create an Express Entry profile and enter the pool.

Am I eligible for a Provincial Nominee Program?

Under PNP, provinces and territories in Canada can nominate individuals and families who wish to settle in their province or territory based on criteria set by the province.

Each province and territory determine their own eligibility criteria for their PNP programs, the vast majority of the criteria is based on being able to secure a job offer from a local qualified employer as the main objective of most province is to enhance economy growth or stability.

In order to become a provincial nominee, applicants must show that they meet the set criteria. This will show that the applicant has the skills, education, and work experience to be able to make a positive contribution to the local economy and society. The province or territory will consider the application based on the criteria of the specific province, as well as the applicant’s genuine intention to settle there.

What Provincial Nominee Programs are available in Canada?

  • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)
  • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program
  • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program
  • Nova Scotia Nominee Program
  • New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program
  • Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)

Holiday Visa

Are you looking for an adventurous way to work and travel overseas? Apply for a working holiday in Canada as it gives you the opportunity to stay in amazing cities like Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal, working part-time while travelling through the breathtaking expanses of the country. The International Experience Canada (IEC) program provides young individuals with the opportunity to do all this and more.

The Working Holiday Visa (IEC program) is available in countries that have a youth mobility arrangement with Canada.

If you haven’t settled on your career path but you are willing to work in an unskilled position with other young adults, then Working Holiday Visa is for you.  

The difference between this program and others is that your amazing trip will allow you to earn money so that you can fund your travels during your stay. This is a great way to pay off all your expenses you will incur while in Canada, and most importantly it does not require a job offer from a Canadian Employer.

You will also gain valuable Canadian professional working experience to better compete in the global economy. Your career horizons will broaden by working with people who have diverse cultural backgrounds while learning new approaches to doing business, experiencing a different country and developing your language skills.

The Working Holiday Visa is a very popular option and has a quota per country that is filled every year. This visa is the most flexible in terms of a work-life balance as it allows you the obtain an open work permit which gives you the freedom to work anywhere in the country. Your permit will be valid for 12 – 24 months depending on your nationality and where you apply from.

If you find this program interesting, make sure to apply as soon as possible so as not to miss out.

Your process, Step by Step

These are steps we take on your behalf in order to apply for Working Holiday Visa:

  1. Create an online profile where you’ll be asked questions based on the criteria listed below.
  2. Wait for the draw to take place where you will need to receive an ITA. We need to complete your profile within 10 days of receiving this invitation.
  3. Submit your Working Holiday Canada permit within 20 days of receiving your ITA. For this, you’ll need your fee payment secured.
  4. Take your biometrics
  5. You will then be issued a Letter of Introduction which you will need to keep safe and take with you to Canada.

You need the following to be eligible under this program:

  • Valid passport;
  • Be a part of the 34 participating countries;
  • Aged 18-35 (the cut-off is 30 for certain countries);
  • $2, 500 to cover initial expenses;
  • Health insurance;
  • Round-trip ticket or sufficient funds to cover one; and
  • No dependents

This program is very popular and has a capped quota of applicants, so it’s crucial to get started as soon as possible.

Top Tips Before You Go to Canada with a Working Holiday Visa 

Here are some tips for you to consider before you set off to visit this vibrant nation.

  • Make plans to buy a car or get familiar with the public transport system;
  • Save up for expenses that arise before your first paycheck;
  • Make sure you have the correct certifications for the industry you plan to work in eg. Occupational First Aid or Food Safe for the hospitality industry;
  • Don’t forget to apply for your tax refund at the end of the financial year;
  • Apply for travel insurance for the year;
  • Get a local sim card (useful for contacting your workplace as well);
  • Set up a bank account; and
  • Find an affordable money-transfer app.

Make use of our services to ensure that you get a full profile assessment, choosing the correct working holiday program for your background. We assist you in collecting all the necessary documents and guide you through your application process. 

Apply today to join other young professionals in their journey to discover all that Canada has to offer.